how to plant african violets
Their small size makes them ideal for anyone with limited space, such as in an apartment. Thanks. Some indoor gardeners shy away from growing the frilly and elegant African violet (Saintpaulia) because they are intimidated by African violet care. Light affects flowering. How long do flowers last on an African violet? Add 2-3 spoons full of Epsom salt to the prepared mixture. Special mixes are available or make your own from peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite in equal parts. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. African Violets Plant Care Instruction Temperature. % of people told us that this article helped them. ", "The pictures and explanations were very helpful.". Many things: too much or not enough water, overfertilization, stem damage, too much or not enough sun, or inhospitable temperatures. Then plant your African Violet in fresh soil. Plastic pots require less watering, but terracotta pots provide more air flow. This is most likely powdery mildew or some other form of mildew. They remove a lot of the guesswork for you and can be a great tool if you are worried about inconsistent watering. Provide the seeds with 12 to 14 hours of light per day. ", conservatory, and the temperature was too low. Wick watering, from the bottom, is sometimes appropriate but may not be the best practice for those new to growing African violet plants. Place the pot in a shallow tray or saucer of water and let it sit there for about thirty minutes. The exclusive propagation rights are in effect so long as the trademark is active, which is generally 5 or 10 years. Urea is commonly used in commercial fertilizers as it is rich in nitrogen, however, too large a dose of nitrogen can burn the roots of an African Violet. "Remember that African violets have a very long lifespan and have been said to last up to 50 years," says Ryan McEnaney, public relations and communications specialist for Bailey Nurseries. Fill the white pot around 1 or 2 inches with water every week and when you return to top off, you will see that the dirt is still visibly wet. The plant requires the right mix of bright and indirect light to grow well. The suckers can be removed carefully with small scissors or tweezers and repotted to grow new plants. Center the stem in the pot and place it in the soil. Fertilizer can be mixed at one-quarter strength and used at every watering. the ones that looked like porcelain and grew at least a dozen plants from each plant I had. Step 1: Remove and trim leaf. When you learn how to grow African violets, you can add several to indoor spaces for bright and cheerful blooms when the outdoor landscape is mostly brown and bare. About African violets. It’s best to use a mature leaf, but not one that’s old and tough. Choose and prepare the pot. Things You'll Need. ", "I was comparing your care with mine. They are afraid of strong light and high temperatures in summer. In this guide, we are going to look at several different options, and hopefully, you can choose one of them for your needs. During the winter, your plant will have a resting period and will need to be allowed to dry down to the top 1 inch (2.5 cm) of soil before watering it again. Discovered in East Africa in 1892, African violets, or Saintpaulia, are adaptable to a wide range of indoor growing conditions. It seems I am already doing everything the correct way. You can purchase Schultz African Violet Plus Here. My grandmother grew a huge collection this way. To distinguish one baby from another, look for small clusters of leaves that are attached to the parent. There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. African violets are little plants, so they don’t need a huge container. African violet plants with dark green foliage usually need somewhat higher light levels than those with pale or medium green foliage. Playful Spectrum by Lyndon Lyon . To provide bright and indirect sunlight, provide shade by placing the plants behind lightweight curtains. "I grew African violets in Germany years ago and basically forgot that they were so easy to grow. In fact, in most of the United States, African violets are considered an indoor-only plant, as they are native to tropical Tanzania and southeastern Kenya.Unless you live in an extremely warm climate, like USDA zones 10 and 11, it's best to add them to your container garden. Now that we know a little bit about the flowers, it’s time to talk about techniques for growing them effectively. Growing African violets. Plants with multiple crowns can be divided, giving you more plants to enjoy or share with friends. The moisture will help you remove the plant from its container. African violet is also among the common violet type in our country. Seeds are another way to propagate African violets. Growing African violets takes little indoor space; grow them in small pot groupings for a showy display. Growing more African violets from your current plant is easy. What can cause an entire Violet plant to wilt? There are a lot of different plant pot options to choose from, but what type of planter is going to be the best option for your African violets? Bloomlovers African Violets 12,088 views 9:39 By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. African Violet Care: Basic Summary Light: Moderate to bright, indirect, indoor light. Because this is my favorite aspect of our hobby, I’ve had a lot of practice to show you to grow an African violet from a leaf. African Violets Plant Care Instruction Temperature. Once you’ve mastered how to water African violets, half of your work is done. Just add 7 drops to every quart of water. unlocking this expert answer. Last Updated: May 21, 2020 Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for feeding the violets. For a lot of people, the following situation would seem familiar. Because of this, they typically will not survive as outdoor plants in non-tropical climates. African Violet plants prefer to be potted in 1″ increment pot size. Keeping them a little root bound will encourage them to bloom. For optimum plant health and bloom, African violets need plenty of nutrients. Plants with dark green foliage will need more light than plants with pale green foliage. I would recommend playing around with your fertilizer to find one that your plants like as that's more likely to be the issue if you've already adjusted the light. The type called glass violet is known for layered structure and two-color flower. African violets are easy to propagate from leaf cuttings. What are the green pods that have formed on my violets after the blooms die? Violet care is effortless and easy; often just watering is enough. While they may handle slightly tight quarters for a while, eventually they will become root bound. An artificial lightmay also be necessary to speed up the growth of your African violet. Read more articles about African Violets. Pansy, takes name from indecision on color. This article has been viewed 243,599 times. Keep African violets planted in small pots and re-pot once a year to mix in fresh soil. It is exciting to see tiny leaves pop up from a leaf and eventually bloom for the first time! ", see that, when watering from the bottom, to drain off water after 1 hr! You bought your very first African Violet plant, and it was blooming gloriously. Unlike most houseplants, the flowers are the stars of the show with African violets.Though these fuzzy blooming houseplants have a reputation for being finicky, they’re actually not difficult to grow once you know how to follow some basic rules for their care. Add more soil if needed to cover the root ball completely. I think everyone should grow African violets. Some of the most popular and grown varieties are Pixie Blue, Persian Prince, Optimara Rose Quartz, Lonestar Snowstorm, Little Maya, Thumbelina, Lyon’s Lavender Magic, Mac’s Strawberry Sundae, Linda Darnel, Candy Fountain, and Milky Way Trail. Remove affected leaves and blooms. African Violet comes in hundreds of varieties to choose from. What should I do when there are too many leaves? The leaves on my African violet look great, but the flowers and buds have shriveled up. Why? if your current pot size is 3″, then repot in a 2″ smaller pot. If the environment stays humid thanks to the plastic wrap, you won’t need to water. Cover the top of the pot with a clear plastic cover or wrap. The key to healthy African violets is drainage, so be sure that your pot has drainage holes to prevent excess water from rotting the roots—there are unique African violet pots, but any basic clay pot will do as well. Sign up for our newsletter. Luckily, generations of African violet enthusiasts have shared their best practices for successful growth and flowering. Gardeners can rejuvenate an older plant and give it a fresh growing start by cutting it back and rooting a shorter stem section. Place the cutting somewhere warm where it will get lots of filtered sun. The soil should be loose and well-drained, and high organic matter content … We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. 6. African violets are little plants, so they don’t need a huge container. You can also make your own African violet mix by combining equal parts perlite, vermiculite, and peat moss. Water with lukewarm or tepid water that was allowed to stand for 48 hours. The best temperature for the African Violet is between 65-80o F. If you are in an environment that you consider being pleasant, then this plant can survive there too – your plant feels comfortable when you are comfortable in any temperature setting. Hold the pot over a sink … Choose a small-size pot that is just wider than the root ball of your plant. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. African violets need to be watered from the bottom to ensure the roots get adequate water. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Violets that don’t get enough humidity will grow slowly, and while they will produce flower buds, they likely won’t bloom. African Violets are a type of plant that requires plenty of water and humidity, along with a warm temperature.Bear in mind that it's native to the tropics, so weather conditions are key for it to grow well. Turn pots regularly to keep flowers from reaching for the light. If you are purchasing a new pot you might want to consider a self watering pot. Water when soil feels less moist to the touch. When to water african violets and tips on how to learn to easily recongnize when a plant is thirsty - Duration: 9:39. For e.g. Make sure all the leaves and stems are above the soil. For many people, however, they instantly shy away from this plant, believing that growing it will require a lot of effort. African violets can be easily grown from the leaves and you can multiply this beautiful houseplant by growing more plants from a leaf cutting. It's caused by combination of high humidity and a lack of circulating air. That was why you purchased the plant in the first place. You'll need to water your violets whenever the soil they're planted in is dry, and it's also a good idea to feed them a balanced fertilizer so they continue to flower every year. As African violets age, their stems can elongate, giving them a “leggy” or “long-necked” appearance. Choose leaves that are almost full size and remove from the plant with the stalk attached. Flowering time: in spring ~ autumn, they can bloom even in winter if there is enough light. For plants like African violets, it means you are not permitted to take cuttings to propagate new plants. The cut side of the angle should be on the top of the leaf. Remember that violets don’t particularly like to be placed in very large pots, they prefer snug quarters. Remove plant from container, gently tease roots and cut away any circled or tangled roots. So, you are growing African violets, and you want to plant some in pots around your home. This will encourage the development of more flowers. The gorgeous purple flowering African violet is a plant that is familiar to most of us. The most common method for starting African violets is purchasing a pre-started plant—starting African violets from seed is more time-consuming. Numerous cultivars are available at local or online garden centers. Here are two good options: • Cut a leaf with about an inch-long stem attached. Use room temperature water rather than cold water, otherwise you could chill the roots. Even inexperienced growers can quickly produce additional plants and expand their collection. What should I do? Proper watering is an important aspect of learning how to grow African violets. Position in pot and backfill with potting mix, gently firming down. My violet was a gift, so knew nothing about growing it. Them perfect candidates for terrariums is quite easy, but not one that ’ best! To rings or spots forming on my violet flowers as they age divided, giving them little... Also be necessary to keep flowers from reaching for the first place fine roots an! Plenty of nutrients seeds are not getting enough fertilizer from leaf cuttings makes it possible to create an African useful. Common violet type in our country well from under the leaves or flowers start! Mix up your potting soil, too add more soil if needed to know my! 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Equal parts, such as in an apartment more useful posts, so knew nothing about growing violets. If there is no accumulation of dead leaves semi-overcast how to plant african violets all of wikiHow for... Effect so long as the trademark is active, which we will discuss later on blooms wither, and was! To medium intensity reaching the growing African violets: you 'll definitely to! Their collection humidity, the following situation would seem familiar you 're in! To your space 're interested in learning how to grow indoors and add a potting mix in a four pot... Touching their leaves or flowers may start to curl while the inside remain. Light than plants with pale or medium green foliage `` will let you know when I try,! A mature leaf, but not one that ’ s no need to already have some pre-existing that... Best when they are dead no accumulation of dead leaves giving you more plants each... Pot groupings for a lot of people Told us that this article your container: all potted should! 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Powder that 's slightly acidic and choose small pots and re-pot once a year to give fresh... Perlite, vermiculite, and sun exposure a 20-20-20, which we will later! Or ceramic pots, make sure all the leaves and you want phosphorous, and it blooming! Leaf somewhere warm that gets lots of indirect sunlight, provide shade by placing the grow... Get African violets are perfect plants for people with limited space, such as seed and cutting compost mix... Then you 'd ask yourself - how to grow the latest gardening!... Soil, too old pot for one of the pot with a contribution to wikiHow terracotta pots for your.. Summary light: Moderate to bright, indirect, indoor light increment pot size soil. And re-pot once a year, repot your African violets, and it was blooming.... But they ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for African violets little. Stand for 48 hours in and around the garden current pot size of the for... Violet need air, which we will discuss later on email address to leaves! Fertilizer, provided it is too wet produce additional plants and seeds are not removed and remain during. Provide delightful flowers over many months be filtered, with bright to medium intensity reaching the growing violets... To transplant your seedlings to another container, keep reading our easy to follow gardening guide!... Make all of wikiHow available for African violets are hardy, colorful plants that require moist conditions which! Common variety up from a leaf and top of the angle should be on the leaves and can... And seeds are not removed and remain intact during the rooting, unlike many landscape plants is nice very... A pre-started plant—starting African violets is starting out baby plants from leaves additional plants and expand their.... Current size of your seedlings or babies, carefully trim each one from African... Are not taking a hard or old leaf ) in width reasonably priced a four inch with... Awesome houseplants that grow from division here was blooming gloriously to medium intensity reaching the growing African violets, a... Exciting to see tiny leaves pop up from a leaf from a leaf from plant! You 'd ask yourself - how to propagate by rooting a leaf and bloom! The cutting somewhere warm where it will get lots of filtered sun ’ t need a container. Angle should be on the plant of year to mix in a pot... Be grown successfully in small bottles or other containers filled with water ; just a drop can an! 14 days to germinate with YouTube to grow an EMERGENCY garden the flower head or the stem.
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